Caveat Notarius – Concepts
Art. 9. Clear and unambiguous law. When a law is clear and unambiguous and its application does not lead to absurd consequences, the law shall be applied as written and no further interpretation may be made in search of the intent of the legislature.
Art. 1. Sources of law. The sources of law are legislation and custom.
Art. 2. Legislation. Legislation is a solemn expression of legislative will.
Art. 3. Custom. Custom results from practice repeated for a long time and generally accepted as having acquired the force of law. Custom may not abrogate legislation.
Art. 4. Absence of legislation or custom. When no rule for a particular situation can be derived from legislation or custom, the court is bound to proceed according to equity. To decide equitably, resort is made to justice, reason, and prevailing usages.